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Workshop on rehabilitation of destitute women

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Over and above its content, which depends on the social and economic situation of each country, vocational rehabilitation within the meaning of Article 1, paragraph 2, of the Convention, is defined as a stage in the continuous and coordinated process of social rehabilitation whose aim is to prevent or minimize the functional, physical, psychological, socio-cultural or economic consequences of disabilities of different types and origins. This is in line with the WHO’s definition of “rehabilitation”, as applied to disability, namely “the combined and coordinated use of medical, social, educational and vocational measures for training or retraining the individual to the highest possible level of functional ability”. The Committee notes in this connection that a study published in 1989 by the International Social Security Association (ISSA) emphasized the social aspect of rehabilitation throughout the various stages of the process. DJSS alwase work for rehabilitee to destitute women in various sector.

This step forward in the concept of vocational rehabilitation is the result of a shift in social concepts generally, particularly that of the equality of all before the law which, for people with disabilities, implies equal status with the non-disabled population. By reaffirming the principle of equality of opportunity for people with disabilities as the basis for the national policy on vocational rehabilitation, and by emphasizing that special positive measures aimed at effective equality of opportunity and treatment between disabled workers and other workers are compatible with the principle of non-discrimination enshrined in ILO standards, Convention No. 159 and Recommendation No. 168 considerably extend the substantive scope of vocational rehabilitation. The latter should, in principle, cover all services and measures that contribute to securing equality of opportunity in working life for people with disabilities and lead to their integration or reintegration in society. In addition to the vocational guidance, vocational training, placement and employment services prescribed by the Convention, the new instruments suggest the provision of other related services such as preparation for training, modular training, training in literacy and for day-to-day activities and other training directly or indirectly related to vocational rehabilitation and geared to the social integration or reintegration of people with disabilities.


The instruments under consideration do not define "vocational rehabilitation" in absolute terms. Like Recommendation No. 99 of 1955, Convention No. 159 and Recommendation No. 168 establish the objective of vocational rehabilitation rather than defining the term. According to the Recommendation of 1955, the objective of vocational rehabilitation is to enable a disabled person to secure and retain suitable employment. The new instruments denote a considerable step forward, assigning a new and a more ambitious objective to vocational rehabilitation, namely to “advance in suitable employment and thereby to further such person’s integration or reintegration into society”. According to Recommendation No. 99, the services that make up vocational rehabilitation are specialized vocational guidance (Paragraph 3), vocational training (Paragraph 5) and placement (Paragraph 10); Article 7 of Convention No. 159 adds employment and “other related services”, thus supplementing the list without restricting it.


Each of the areas covered by the national policy on vocational rehabilitation will be examined in detail in concerning the basis and scope of the State’s obligations.